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How to Conserve Water and Use it effectively

Water conservation has always been an important initiative, but today it is a bigger piece of the global environmental agenda than ever before.  We can conserve water both at home and at work in both the actions we take and the products and devices we can use to help us do so.

Here are some of the ideas and initiatives that will help you to reduce your water consumption and be more effective with your use.

Low Flushing Toilets

Modern toilets are fitted with ‘half flush’ mechanisms and are manufactured with water savings in mind.  If you live in an older property with old fittings, including the toilet, then it is worth considering buying a new one, as the water savings you will enjoy are significant.

A great alternative to a low flushing toilet is to use water displacement techniques.  Your water company will often be able to send you a cistern device to reduce water flow, while you can always fill a bottle with water and/or stones yourself and make your own device for cutting toilet flush water consumption by as much as 30%.

Low Flow Showerheads

Many people think about low flow showerheads and mistakenly believe they’re going to have a worse showering experience as a result.  However, these products work by combining water and air to maintain pressure and ensure you enjoy a great shower while reducing water consumption by up to 60%.

An alternative product is a shower flow controller, which does the same job but uses your existing showerhead.  Neither of these products is suitable for electric showers, as they are already manufactured for low water flow.

Faucet Aerators

These fit onto your taps and reduce your water consumption by as much as 50%, although you should be mindful the way you use your taps to enjoy the greatest possible water and bill savings.  For example, you should still avoid cleaning dishes or brushing your teeth while leaving the water running, as well as using running water for cleaning vegetables or other foods.

Water Recycling

‘Grey water’ – water that you have used for cleaning vegetables in a bowl, washing dishes in a tub, or that has come out of emptying the tumble dryer, can be recycled and used in your garden.  Plants and your lawn aren’t too concerned with whether water is a little dirty, so reuse your grey water to keep your garden growing and reduce your water consumption from the supply.

Water Butts

Another great way to minimise the volume of water you take from the tap if you’re a keen gardener is to use water butts.  These collect rainwater and allow you to have a constant resource from which to water your garden; perfect in locations that have wet winters followed by hot, dry summers with little rain.  A water butt can help you be unaffected by a hosepipe ban and keep your garden fresh and colourful throughout the year.  In some countries, you can even enjoy a reduction to your water bill owing to the reduced ‘run off’ from your property.

Conserve and use water effectively at all times; the small differences and savings you make on a day to day basis will add up to a large overall volume and significantly reduced bills.

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How Much Water Does the Average Household use per Year?

Water usage is a hot topic all around the world.  We’re being asked more than ever before to think about the ways in which we can save water and make a difference both to the environment and to our wallets owing to the significant savings we can make.

Before we start to plan water savings, however, we need to know where we’re using water around the home.  Here are the areas responsible for the greatest water usage in an average household of four, how much water they use, and tips to reduce your water consumption.

Toilet Flushing

This accounts for a huge 30% of water consumption in your home, which equates to approximately 135 litres each day.

The most common solution here is to buy a cistern controller, available in many forms or easy to make yourself, which can reduce your water usage by as much as a third.  You should also consider buying an overnight toilet sticker so you can see whether your toilet has a leak that is wasting water.


Depending on the water saving products you use, and your awareness of the time it takes you to shower, 12 – 25% of your daily water consumption comes from this area.  This means you could be using anywhere from 60 to 125 litres each day.

Low flow showerheads and flow controllers will make a difference to your consumption, cutting water use by as much as 60%, but the biggest difference will be you, and ensuring everyone in your house takes showers that are as short and fast as possible.

Kitchen Water Use

Your kitchen taps and dishwasher, if you have one, are responsible for 8 to 14%, or between 35 – 63 litres, of water each day.  Dripping taps can waste a huge amount of water, while doing things like washing dishes with taps left on, washing foods, and various other things quickly see your water use stacking up.  Factor in that the flow rate of taps can vary wildly, and be massive if you have a faulty valve, and it is difficult to know exactly how much you’re using or can potentially save.  Add in the washing machine, which can use as much as 20%, or 90 litres of water, per wash, and you’re using a huge amount of water in your kitchen, whichever way you look at it.

Making savings here offers many options, but again the biggest thing to do is look at how you use water and be more careful, particularly with leaving taps running unnecessarily and only using a half-full dishwasher or washing machine.  Elsewhere, use faucet aerators on your taps to reduce your consumption by as much as half, which in turn with you being more mindful will lead to a huge saving.

The Final 10% and Total

The final 10%, sometimes up to 15% depending on how you’re using water elsewhere, is used for drinking water and in the garden.  You have to drink water, so we aren’t going to tell you to stop, but you might consider a hose flow restrictor or a water butt to reduce what you take from your water supply for the garden.

In total, this adds up to 450 litres a day, on average, or 165,000 litres of water used every year by the average household.  While that is a scary number, perhaps the most frightening aspect of it is that we have the scope to reduce our consumption massively, yet so many of us fail to do anything about it.

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Worldwide problematic of water

Today the water issue causes debates between the diverse institutions of scientists, politicians and technical experts who are interested in the provision of drinking water in the future.

The necessity to reach a balanced hydraulic level which secures sufficient water supplies of the population will be achieved by a good organized basis. The handling or consumption of this natural and valuable resource will help to protect the environment.

It is recommended to accomplish little tasks by which you can help to save water. Gezeichnet © Hanseat

Examples are:

– Do not water your garden during longer periods of higher heat because it will simply vaporize.

– Make sure to use a fully loaded dishwasher and load it optimally according to the dishwasher´s manual.

– Using economical devices are essential for the use of water. Take a shower with flow restrictors and swivel sprayers.

– Make sure to have turned off the water tap while having your teeth brushed or your beard shaved.

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Public Water Supply in Germany

Almost every resident of Germany, is connected to public water supply –  luxury circumstances that are rarely noticed anymore…

It is striking that the price for drinking- and waste water has increased over the last fifteen years by almost half. During this period, in Germany the average bill rose from 115 € to 171 € per  year per household member. A family of four pays accordingly to that between 260 and almost 2000 €/year. Yet, the water consumption has declined eight liters a day (per person) over  the past fifteen years due to the high water prices and growing environmental consciousness.

Nevertheless, the germans still use about 125 liters of drinking water per day, of which we consume:

32%  for toilet flushing
30% for bathing and showering
14% for laundry
6% for cleaning (face, hands and teeth)
6% for washing dishes
4% to water for garden plants
3% for household cleaning
2% for car washing

Help us to save precious water! With an water saving aerator, you can reduce  water consumption and costs by 50%!  A savings aerator reduces the water flow – by the adding air to the jet the beam still  feels thick and soft. These aerators resist limescale and work for very long time.

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Saving water and energy can be very easy!

What does water have to do with saving energy?  You can save a lot of energy costs if you reduce your personal water consumption because everybody uses heated water while taking a shower, clean clothes or wash dishes. You don´t have to suffer any comfort and the effects of smart use of warm water shows quickly on your bank account.

For example:

Compared to a five minute shower, taking a full bath takes three times as much   water and energy. You save even more heated water if you install a water saving showerhead that reduces (without hardly noticing) the water flow up the 50 percent. Good models are available for as little as € 15,–.

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Water saving in the EU

Water consumption in the european countries

The average EU-household water consumption in liters per person/day:

Belgium 122
Germany 129
Denmark 136
Spain 145
UK 147
France 151
Finland 155
Poland 158
Austria 160
Netherlands 166
Luxembourg 170
Sweden 188
Italy 213

saving water at home

Especially in southern Europe, water is scarce, that for the EU wants to converse  all households on to flow restricting products.
Germany is with a consumption of 129 liters per person/day compared with the main EU countries, far ahead in saving water. But there is further potential savings by installing e.g. water saving tap aerator or watersaving showerheads. It is worthwhile to compare the prices of various vendors!
Another aspect for energy-saving: less needlessly heated water flows into the drain.

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Save Water

The scarcity of water in Europe is increasing, caused by climate change and waste. The EU Commission estimates that there will be a significant water shortage in many European regions by 2050.

saver water in the EU

Especially the south of Europe is affected  ​​- hence the authorities in Brussels are looking for ways  to encourage water conservation.
However, against appropriate media reports, there will be no binding rules for private households on how to save water, said EU Environment Commissioner Janez Potocnik: “I want to emphasize that the Commission currently has no plans to require water-efficient taps in any member country. ”
But please do not forget: Water is an essential resource!
With a few technical changes and just little effort, it is possible for anyone to save significant amounts of drinking water in their household.

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Mayor hotel chain reduces energy and water consumption

Saving water and energy in hotels
TiM Caspary /

After several years of intensive internal testing Hilton Worldwide presents results of the company’s internal environmental program “Light Stay”.
This program reduced  the water & energy consumption by 5 percent the CO2 emissions by 6 percent in all 1.300 participating hotels in the year 2009. The amount  of waste was reduced by 10 percent and  the water consumption by 2.4 percent.
In other words, these results are truly impressive: The energy saved is roughly equivalent to the annual consumption of 5,700 households, the  reduced CO2 emissions equals  the closure of 34 865 cars  and the saved water would fill more than 650 Olympic swimming pools.
The reduced energy and water consumption means an operating cost saving of approx. 29 million U.S. dollars (about 21 million €)

By the end of 201,1 all 3,50 Hilton Worldwide hotels will use the  Light-stay system
Sustainability in real life by saving energy and water consumption around the world-  reviewed at regular intervals and evaluated based on uniform standards.

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Virtual water

Each resident in Hamburg, Germany consumes 108 liters per day – a decreasing trend. But in reality it is a different story: If you drink coffee in the morning you  may not forget: It take 140 Liter of water to produce, not in Hamburg, but a some other places in the world. Virtual water is the term for the water, which is needed to produce and transport a product. Including the virtual water, the daily water demand in Germany is about 4,000 liters per person. Relying on products and food from regional and resource-friendly production is a way to reduce the water demand effectively. For example “HAMBURG WATER” offers just that: The drinking water is obtained exclusively from groundwater. 1 liter of Hamburg Drinking water costs 0.16 cents and is therefore 100 and 500 times cheaper than retail offered bottled water, and also it works without any packaging.

reducing demand of water

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Water is one of the most important and essential goods for the development of some life forms. The reason can be found in its basic form. Thus, we need to protect water and use it carefully.

While in some defined areas of our planet millions of people die of the lack water during the droughts, the availability of water in the western world is barley appreciated. Due to the financial crisis and the struggle against climatic changes, which we are experiencing at present, we know now how to save water. It will not only allow us to save some Euro but we also will learn to protect our environment. Wasserperlen © Walter Christ

The basic water- saving advices as a concrete overview are:

1. Close the water tap while having your teeth brushed or your beard shaved. Also, close, if possible, the water tap while doing the dishes or washing yourself or try to close slightly the main water tap.

2. Installing swivel sprayers is the quickest, best-saving and easiest way of saving water and energy. It will save up to 50% of the water consumption. Furthermore, it is simultaneously less energy required. If you spend a little heated water, the consumption of energy will be automatically lesser, too.

This standardized swivel sprayer is useful for all brands of fittings. Usually, it is installed in kitchen fittings and bidets. The inside of swivel sprayers is resistant to corrosion and extends the life of water saving products.